Introduction to the book

The book entitled “Foudations of personalist economics” consists of three parts. The initial two chapters of the first part of the book are devoted to explaining reasons that have led me to reject the mainstream approach to the mechanism of functioning of the market economy, and to propose the look at these issues from the point of view of a human person, the only real subject of all social relations, and thus also of relations established in economic processes based on market exchange. Next three chapters of this part contain detailed description of three most important elements of the foundation of personalist economics. These elements are: the mechanism of choice and its consequences, the problem of ownership and a new approach to value as an economic category.

The second part starts with an analysis of people’s economic behaviors in a hypothetical initial situation where no formal social structures exist. With some assumptions idealizing people in such a primitive situation, the meaning of basic concepts is determined. There are discussed such terms as things and goods, quality of life, essence and types of needs, role of goods in the process of satisfying needs, and finally, role of exchange in the process of acquiring goods. Karl Menger’s theory of goods, as well as the John Locke’s principle of the legitimacy of acquisition of property played an important role in arriving at the findings.

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